Monday, June 13, 2011

Rakhain is a small tribe of BURMA




Rakhain is a small tribe of BURMA (MYANMAR) origin belonging to the Bhotbarmi community of the Mongoloids.

In the eighteenth century, many Rakhain people migrated from their homeland in Arakan province of Burma because of political turmoil and they gradually settled in different areas of COX'S BAZAR and PATUAKHALI DISTRICT OF BANGLADESH. The census of 1991 recorded the number of Rakhain population in Bangladesh at about 7,000.They are citizens of Bangladesh.

Though Buddhists by religious faith, Rakhains, like other tribes and sub-tribes, believe in superstitions, MAGIC and supernatural powers. They lead very simple lives. The language of Rakhains belongs to the Bhotbarmi group of languages.

Rakhain children start their education at Buddhist primary school or khyangs (monastery). They receive both religious and linguistic education there.They have rich culture and heritage.The songs of Rakhains are melodious.

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Mosque City of Bagerhat, Bangladesh: One of Top 10 Lost Cities of the World



The city formerly known as Khalifatabad was founded by a Turkish general (Army Chief of Stuff) and Sufi Saint "Hajrat Khan Jahan Ali". It boasts more than 50 Islamic monuments and the Sixty Pillar Mosque, constructed with 60 pillars and 81 domes. This ancient wonder is well worth a visit, even in troubled times.

Khalifatabad is identified with the modern town of Bagerhat on the bank of the river Bhairab. The area of Khalifatabad was first brought under the Muslims by a ruler titled Khan Jahan (d 1459 AD) in the reign of the later Iliyas Shahi Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah (1436-1459 AD). The town first emerged as a mint-town in 922 AH / 1516 AD during the administration of Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah (1519-1532) and it retained this status till the reign of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (1532-1538). The town was renamed Khalifatabad-Badarpur in 1535 AD by Sultan Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah who added the word Badarpur after his honourific Abd-al-Badar. The town has also been mentioned as Cuipata-vaz, a corruption of Khalifatabad, in the Dutch-Portuguese maps of De Barros, Blaiv and Van den Broucke drawn during the sixteenth century. The country round about modern Bagerhat was known up to the end of the eighteenth century by the name of Haweli Khalifatabad or 'the vicegerent's abode', a name given to it in Abul Fazl's Ain-i-Akbari.

The town and its suburb contain some historic sites and monuments. The famous Shat Gumbad Mosque, built by Khan Jahan, is situated about four miles to the west of Bagerhat. A dighi (tank), popularly called Ghora Dighi, with an area of about one hundred acres near the mosque, was excavated by order of the said ruler. About three miles from Bagerhat town and half a mile from the main road to the Shat Gumbad mosque stands the tomb of Khan Jahan, situated on the bank of a still bigger tank called the Thakur Dighi with an area of about one hundred eighty acres. The dighi and a tomb and a mosque on its bank, present a grand view. The remains of various buildings and metalled roads of Khalifatabad are of considerable archeological interest and they tend to suggest that the town was once vast and prosperous. It was a mint-town as well as an administrative headquarters founded in a planned way in an area full of swamps and marshes.

An annual fair is held on the ground near the tomb of Khan Jahan on the supposed anniversary of his death on the full moon of March-April. On this occasion both Hindus and Muslims assemble in large numbers.
Bagerhat was made a 'C' grade municipality in 1863. Now it is a district headquarters and the municipality has been made an 'A' grade one. It is a centre of trade in rice, betel-leaf, betel nut, coconut etc.


Sources and acknowledgment:
1. http://travel.yahoo.com/p-interests-39274939;_ylt=A0S0z0as17ZNMlEAQpuhpYMA
(10 Lost Cities Of The World)
2. http://www.banglapedia.org/httpdocs/HT/K_0151.HTM
3. http://www.archaeology.gov.bd/sdetfromlnk.php?whs=6&s=24
4. http://www.forbes.com/

Thursday, April 21, 2011

The cheapest place on earth to travel is Bangladesh



According to Lonely Planet, the cheapest place on earth to travel is Bangladesh. Bangladesh offers marvelous meals for under US$1, a mid-range hotel room for less than 10 times that. This means that anyone who isn’t a masochist goes up a price bracket or two. You’ll pay a little more to get around the Sunderbans National Park on a tiger-spotting tour – US$150 or thereabouts – but it’s still peanuts, even compared to what you pay next door in India.
Bangladesh is almost disgracefully under-visited. Here, paddleboat is one of the main forms of transport and you can trek, canoe and even surf to your heart’s content with some of the world’s friendliest people for company. The Rocket is Bangladesh’s most famous ferry, running daily between the capital Dhaka and Khulna. First-class river cruising for 27 hours will cost US$15.
Source: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/bangladesh/travel-tips-and-articles/76216
(Top 10 best value destinations for 2011)

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

The smallest bird of Bangladesh is Flowerpecker (fuljhuri)

Yellow-vented Flowerpecker from Carl-Johan Svensson on Vimeo.


The smallest bird of Bangladesh is Flowerpecker(fuljhuri ফুলঝুড়ি). Flowerpecker is a common bird of Bangladesh.

Flowerpecker (fuljhuri) group of tiny (8-10 cm), often brilliantly coloured songbirds of the family Nectariniidae, order Passeriformes. The birds have long pointed wings, stubby tails, and short conical bills. Many species have dull plumages, but the males of many others have bright colours and patterns, often involving areas of crimson and glossy blue-black.

Almost all are arboreal, and feed largely on nectar, fruits, and insects and inhabit a wide range of environments. Most flowerpeckers build pendent globular nests of closely matted vegetable fibre, placed in shrubs and saplings. Many of these birds have symbiotic relationships with certain plants (mainly mistletoes) upon which they feed. There are about 55 species of flowerpeckers spread in southern Asia and Australasia. In Bangladesh there are seven species of which one is migratory.

These are Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Yellow-vented Flowerpecker, Plain Flowerpecker (Plain-coloured Flowerpecker), Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker, Pale-billed Flowerpecker (Tickell's Flowerpecker), Orange-bellied Flowerpecker and Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker (migratory).

Sunday, April 03, 2011

To Catch a Dollar



To Catch a Dollar: Muhammad Yunus Banks on America is an upcoming 2011 documentary film directed and produced by Gayle Ferraro about the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize winner's ongoing campaign against poverty around the world. It touches on the beginnings of the original Grameen Bank in the 1970s, and then focuses primarily on the beginnings of Grameen America's work in the US, especially the launch of its first programs in Queens, New York in 2008. The title of the film comes from a clip of Muhammed Yunus speaking in the film: "In a world where you need a dollar to catch a dollar, you need to have something to help the bottom people to lift themselves up."
The film premiered at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival. It is expected to open in New York City and Los Angeles in early 2011 and then go into general release in the United States and abroad.

Friday, February 11, 2011

GRAMEEN BANK And Dr.Muhammad Yunus



The Grameen Bank is a micro finance organization started in Bangladesh that makes small loans, micro credit, to the impoverished without requiring collateral. The system is based on the idea that the poor have skills that are under-utilized. It is currently effective in nearly all districts throughout Bangladesh.
Professor Muhammad Yunus, the bank’s founder, earned a doctorate in Economics from Vanderbit University in the United States. During the terrible Bangladesh famine of 1974 he made a small loan of $27 to a group of 42 families so that they could create small items for sale without the burdens of predatory lending. Dr. Yunus believed that making such loans available to a wide population would have a strong positive impact on the rampant rural poverty in Bangladesh. The main characteristic of the Grameen Bank method of lending is that in order to be considered creditworthy, people need not come and appeal to The Bank, rather the Bank goes to the people. Loans granted by Grameen Bank are repayable in small installments.
The bank began as a research project by Yunus and the Rural Economics Project at Bangladesh’s University of Chittagong to test his method for providing credit and banking services to the rural poor. In 1997, the village of Jobra and other villages surrounding the University of Chittagong became the first areas eligible for service from Grameen Bank. The Bank was immensely successful and the project, with government support, was introduced in 1979 to Tangail District. The Bank’s success continued and it soon spread to various other districts of Bangladesh and in 1983 it was transformed into an independent bank with its own separate legislation. Its success has inspired similar projects around the world. In a country in which few women may take out loans from large commercial banks, the fact that most (97%) loan recipients are women is significant accomplishment. In other areas, track record of Grameen Bank has also been notable, with very high payback rates – over 98 percent.
More than half of Grameen borrowers in Bangladesh, have risen out of acute poverty thanks to their loan, as measured by such standards as having all children of school age in school, all household members eating three meals a day, a sanitary toilet, a rainproof house, clean drinking water and the ability to repay a 300 taka-a-week, (US$4). Grameen Bank has established an interest-free loan program for beggars. With the help of this program 99.98 million taka (US$ 1.47 million) has been distributed among 95 thousand people as of August 2007. The bank has also established an educational loan program that enables borrower’s children to be eligible for admission at universities. 1.26 billion taka (18.3 million US$) has been approved for 27000 students yearly.
Of the total equity of the bank, the borrowers own 94%, and the remaining 6% is owned by the Government of Bangladesh. As of mid-2007, total number of borrowers is 7.27 million, and 97% of those are women. The Bank has 2,459 branches, covering 79,539 villages, with a total staff of over 24,163. Since inception, total loans distributed amounts to TK 338 billion (US$ 5.76 billion). Out of this, Taka 305 billion (US$ 5.76 billion) has been repaid.
On 13 October 2006, the Nobel Committee awarded Grameen Bank and founder Muhammad Yunus the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below.”

By - Mohammad Fakhrul Islam, Dated:December 2007

Saturday, January 08, 2011

Ruling Awami League Cracks Down On Dr. Yunus


The recent media vendetta against the Grameen Bank founder and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Dr. Mohammad Yunus at home and abroad, has turned itself into what appears to be a crackdown of the ruling Awami League on the acclaimed economist.

Mahbubul Alam Hanif, one of the top leaders in the present AL(Awami League) structure having no parliamentary entity, reminded the rally that an approach of Dr. Yunus to enter politics was responded to by the party chief Sheikh Hasina calling him a 'usurious'.
Again, the Dhaka University unit of Bangladesh Chhatro League, student wing of the ruling party, held a discussion on Saturday where the leaders demanded to revoke the Nobel Peace Prize given to Dr. Mohammad Yunus. Top leaders of the organization were present in the discussion where they said that a corrupt man like Dr. Muhammad Yunus holds no right to remain as a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the prize should be revoked to award someone more suitable in Bangladesh. The Chhatro League discussion heavily bashing Yunus ended up with a procession in the DU campus hailing the mentioned demands.

The latest bashing from the ruling Awami League came on Sunday as the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has called Dr. Mohammad Yunus a 'fraud'. She said that Dr. Muhammad Yunus has to face consequences because he 'cheated' to obtain funds as foreign aid exploiting the poor Bangladeshis. Criticizing Dr. Yunus' position in Grameen Bank, Sheikh Hasina termed his activity to be similar to that of Begum Khaleda Zia, stating that Yunus wanted to maintain his powerful position in Grameen Bank improperly. She vowed that the govt would probe the 'misappropriation claims' against Dr. Muhammad Yunus.
Tom Heinemann, calling himself a 'a self-employed journalist with more than 19 years experience' in his website, produced a documentary film stating Dr. Yunus and other Grameen Bank associates to have diverted nearly $100 million of grant money to another company called Grameen Kalyan, which had nothing to do with micro-credit. The documentary, aired on Norway's state-run TV channel NRK (Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation), claimed this diversion to be a 'siphoning operation' where misappropriation had taken place depriving the real receivers of the money.

AL leaning online news agency, BDNews24 published was the first news outlet to publish it on Wednesday with a noted effort to pull visitors' attention extensively as no other news including that of Bangladesh's defeat at home in the first ODI against Zimbabwe was given any space at the top box of the website.

BDNews24 within two days published a number of stories entited 'দরিদ্রদের 'ইউনুস ফাঁদ'' ('Yunus-trap' for the poor), 'Yunus 'siphoned Tk 7bn aid for poor'', ''গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক থেকে আর ঋণ নিইনি'' ('Never took a loan from Grameen Bank Again'), 'Yunus faces loan default charges' etc.

Source: http://bangladeshfirst.com/

Sunday, December 26, 2010

Editor of ‘The Daily Amar Desh’, Mr. Mahmudur Rahman was tortured in police custody


Former Energy Adviser to Bangladesh Govt. and the acting Editor of ‘The Daily Amar Desh’, Mr. Mahmudur Rahman was tortured in police custody at Cantonment Police Station on 09.06.2010 although, was not supposed to be there since, he was under control of Investigation Officer Mr. Rezaul Karim of Tejgaon Police Station. Mr. Rahman made this statement before the learned Metropolitan Magistrate Ms Shamima Pervin after being produced upon 3 days expiry of remand in connection with Tejgaon PS Case No. 2(6)10.

According to Mr. Rahman’s version, in a dark room, being blindfolded, he was attacked by some police personnel or other individuals at around 1-30 am who unclothed him, started beating mercilessly. They did not quiz him in respect of the case for which remand was granted. Due to serious torture he became unconscious within half an hour. When woke up at around 4-30 am, he realized that he was somewhere else.

As a Counsel for Mr Rahman, I have submitted Lawyer’s certificate in respect of the Hon’ble Supreme Court’s order passed on 10.06.2010 with regard to Mr Rahman’s remand order issued earlier in all cases before the Court. As per the Order of the Supreme Court, the Magistrate was bound to send Mr Rahman before a medical board for examination of his health. However, without following the order of the superior court, the Magistrate sent Mr. Rahman to the Jail custody and asked the jail authority to provide him medical treatment if necessary. I have heard that Mr Rahman has already been taken to Uttara Police Station or to Ditective Branch Office of Police at Minto Road on 4 days remand by an order of another Magistrate, which was completely beyond our knowledge and without informing us. If this is the case, then, the Magistrate and Investigating Officer committed an offence of contempt of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. In due course, we will file contempt petition against those who violated the Hon’ble Court’s Order.

Source:http://www.amardeshonline.com/pages/details/2010/06/13/34968

AL ruling government has suspended transmission of BNP leaning Private television Channel 1



Channel One is a Bengali language satellite television channel from Bangladesh.The Channel was established June 1, 2005, with 400 employees and it started official broadcasting January 24, 2006.

It is owned by the One Entertainment Limited, a sister concern of One Group.

This third generation television channel is the last private television in Bangladesh. This is an infotainment channel by nature. Its office is in Gulshan of Dhaka city. News times are 8 am, 12 pm, 2.30 pm, 6.30 pm, 7.30 pm, 10.00 pm, 12.30 am and 3.00 am in Bangladesh Time.

The channel's journalists include Saiful Hasan, Saiful A Chowdhury, Shujon Mehedi, Shamim Al Amin and K U Biplob. Its producers include AKM Nazim, MAK Tuhin, Rana Islam and Iqbal Khokon. It uses final cut pro machines for video editing, and is the only channel that uses ENPS for news networking.

Channel Owner's include: Business Tycoon Giasuddin Mamun, opposition leader Khaleda Zia’s politician son Tareq Rahman, etc.

The channel went off air on 27th April, 2010 at 6:41 PM while it was broadcasting it's news bulletin as the Awami League govt. decided to stop it's operation on some licensing issues. But, the channel one authority claims that they have not done anything illegal. Journalists say that the Awami League govt. has stopped it as this channel is broadcasting news that goes against the ruling govt.

Wednesday, June 02, 2010

Mass Media's painful condition of Bangladesh in May 2010


In Bangladesh,The government on Tuesday night (1 May 2010 ) closed oppositation BNP (Bangladesh Nationalist Party) - leaning daily Amar Desh newspaper as police entered its office to arrest acting editor Mahmudur Rahman.The police shut down the press Love Road in Tejgoan at 11:30 pm.The Amar Desh building in Karwan Bazar as well as its press in Tejgaon were surrounded by a large number of law enforcers amid swirling rumers that the paper's declaration had been cancelled.
The government last month private TV station Channel 1 knocked off the air.At present ,famous social networking site Facebook are blocked in this country.